Hot Medical Diagnosis & Procedures Posts

How To: Collect sputum specimen via a mucus trap in nursing

Studying to be a nurse? Then here is a nursing how-to video that teaches you how to do a sputum specimen collection vie a mucus trap. Every nurse should know the basics of this technique, follow along and see how easy it is to collect a sputum specimen for a tracheal evaluation. These medical tips are sure to help you pass your nursing exam with flying colors. Our host describes sputum collection and lavage and the proper technique for obtaining sputum per trachea via an inline catheter.

How To: Perform a lower extremity exam on a patient

In this medical video, learn the process of examining the lower extremity of the body. See demonstrations of how you inspect the lower extremity, how you palpate and then perform passive range of motion of the hip, knee and ankle. John D. Gazewood, MD, MSPH, will also teach doctors special maneuvers to help examine a knee injury. With any type of musculoskeletal exam, you're looking for things like deformity, swelling, and changes in coloration.

How To: Properly tape an ankle

In this how-to video, you will learn how to properly tape an ankle. This is important if you have trouble with your ankle turning. First, spray some pre-tape on the foot. Put on some Pro Wrap so that the tape does not tear the hair on your legs. Put some heel and lace pads on so that the friction of putting on a shoe does not cause blistering. Put in about two to three anchors. Do not use zinc oxide tape around the muscle, so place it under the muscle. Now, start the tape on the inside of the...

How To: Perform a vulval disease or cancer check

Around 1000 cases of vulval cancer are diagnosed every year in the UK, mainly in women who have been through the menopause. However, there are also a range of other vulval conditions that affect all women – highlighting how important it is to self-check your vulva. Although it may seem daunting if you haven’t self-checked before, Dr Dawn Harper’s guide will show you exactly how to conduct the check – so grab that mirror! Watch this video tutorial and learn how to perform a vulval self-examina...

How To: Perform a basic cardiovascular examination

Any medical student should be able to perform a basic cardiovascular exam. This medical how-to video tutorial outlines the guidelines to perform a basic cardiovascular exam. Always begin by by observing the patient from head to toe. Inspect the face for signs of cyanosis. Note visible scars or pulsations in the neck and edema in the feet. This video is intended for medical professionals only.

How To: Inspect the female breast for cancer

This medical how-to video from the Department of Health Services Cancer Detection Section will help become more confident in inspecting the female breasts. An regular breast check is vital for cancer detection. Help you patients stay healthy by learning the essential of a clinical breast examination. This entails a comprehensive review of a patients symptoms, history and risk factors. Follow along to learn the basics of inspecting the female breast for cancer.

How To: Do a partner self breast exam

In this video series, watch as health specialist Carolyn Waygood teaches how to give a partner self breast exam. Learn the different techniques for self checking your breast for tumors, how to give a male on female breast exam, a female on female breast exam, breast physiology, tools used to give breast exams, and ways to make breast exams fun for couples.

How To: Select the site for an intramuscular injection

Injecting intramuscularly is a difficult thing to learn and it takes a lot of practice. This instructional medical how to video guides your through the step by step process of selecting a site for an intramuscular injection. Intramuscular injections should be given in areas where major blood vessels and nerves are avoided. Watch and read along. It is important to wash your hands before handling any injection material.

How To: Perform a full abdomen exam on a patient

This video will teach doctor and medical students how to perform a full abdomen examination. John D. Gazewood, MD, MSPH, will show you the whole process, from the first steps of inspecting the abdomen, looking for abdominal contour and symmetry, to auscultation, percussion, and palpation of the abdomen. Some common findings during the inspection phase of the exam could be scars, striae, colors, jaundice, and prominent veins.

How To: Six Things You're Definitely Doing Wrong in the Restroom—As Proven by Science

Let's take a minute and talk about something you're doing wrong — using the restroom. Many view the subject as improper or even taboo, but why? Thanks to your upbringing, you've assumed you know the basics... But you don't. Avoiding discussion on the subject has led many of us to unwittingly interact incorrectly during our private time with our old friend, Jon.

How To: Check yourself for testicular cancer

21st Century Boy demonstrates how to check yourself for testicular cancer. After a warm bath or shower, lift up your leg and rest it on the edge of the bathtub. Lift up your right testicle with your left hand and take the thumb, forefinger and index finger of your right hand and check the testicle. Switch hands and repeat the process for the other testicle. There should be a soft lump at the front and the back of the testicle. There should also be a smooth, firm tube running up the side. If y...

News: Human Dissection Illustrated in Anatomical Pop-Up Books

Before there was Gray's Anatomy, physicians and medical students used anatomical flap books to explore the inner workings of the human body—a scientific illustrated guide that takes its name from the moveable paper flaps that can be "dissected" to reveal hidden anatomy underneath. Similar to pop-up books, these instructional tools mimic the act of human dissection, allowing doctors and students to study the intricacies of the body normally concealed by flesh.

How To: Perform a musculoskeletal exam on a patient

Whether your training to be a doctor or a nurse, there is no doubt that this video lesson will help you better understand the procedure for musculoskeletal examinations. Musculoskeletal exams rely exclusively on inspection and palpation and tests using a combination of those techniques. The main purpose of this exam is to identify in your patient any signs of musculoskeletal disease, by way of pain, redness, swelling, warmth, deformity, and loss of function. Watch this video to see the entire...

How To: Tape an ankle to prevent an inversion ankle sprain

Use tough skin spray adhesive, under wrap or pre-wrap, athletic tape to wrap an ankle. Position ankle in 90 degrees of dorsal flexion. Spray the adhesive to insure tight taping. Heel and lace pads are placed over tendons. Pre-wrap is applied, the goal here is to apply anchors so adhesive from tough skin will adhere to tape. Three layers are applied working towards the calf. Apply heel lock tape from the calf towards the heel, applying tension as you cross the bend in the ankle. The correct lo...

How To: Use a body powered prosthetic hook for arm amputees

A below elbow arm amputee demonstrates how to don and operate his body powered prosthetic hook. This video is made to help individuals use adaptive equipment and prosthetics for getting around with one arm. This is an equipment overview for amputees or individuals that have single limbs and need a hook prosthesis to enable them. It's equipment for handicapped or disabled individuals as taught by a man with a below elbow amputation.

How To: Perform a brief neurological exam on a patient

A brief neurologic examination includes six sections: 1) mental status exam, 2) testing cranial nerves, 3) sensation exam, 4) testing strength, 5) deep tendon reflexes exam, and 6) coordination exam. Eve Bargmann, M.D., shows doctors how to perform this neurological examination on a patient. You will need to do a full neuralgic exam (not in video) if any abnormalities are found. But this is just a brief screening exam during a general physical exam.

How To: Perform a basket weave ankle taping

Dave Watkins from the Wakefield Sports Clinic demonstrates how to perform a specific type of ankle taping. This basket weave taping is very common for people who have previous ankle injuries. This taping technique provides great support for all athletes. The taping is done by taking two strips, one little and one larger. Pull the tape from the outside of the ankle all the way across to the inside of the foot going underneath the foot. Next take straight strips and tape them from the base of t...